Body Movement and Speech in Medical Interaction (Studies in Emotion and Social Interaction)

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Coding note : Use additional code to identify the associated medical or genetic condition. Associated with another neurodevelopmental, mental, or behavioral disorder. Coding note : Use additional code[s] to identify the associated neurodevelopmental, mental, or behavioral disorder[s]. With catatonia refer to the criteria for catatonia associated with another mental disorder.

Coding note : Use additional code Skip directly to site content Skip directly to page options Skip directly to A-Z link. The other perspective is that in modern society where the welfare state has taken over many of the functions traditionally embedded in the family the relationship between the sexes has been altered.

DSM-IV Diagnostic Classifications - Autism Society

Hence the sexes are close to similar with regard to factors crucial for modern identity - income, ambitions, etc. Using a Danish panel data set we test both theories empirically using time to martial dissolution as the dependent variable. Applying a competing risk model allows us to distinguish between voluntary and involuntary marial dissolution. From the emperical analysis we conclude that most evidence supports the Beckerian model for causes of martial dissolution.


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  8. These studies enabled us to differentiate a series of social links from which some power and social acknowledgement relationships are derived and considered fundamental in the biographical and emotional construction of the interviewed housewives. These feelings indicate the momentary state of the social bond, but they also make the base for our sense of social place. The concept of social place refers to a basic dimension in social relations.

    It is connected to the level of interaction and it is based on social feelings. Because our sense of place is based on emotions we are able to influence our sense of place through the management of others and ours emotions. The purpose of this paper is to show how management of different emotions in Academia may be interpreted as a negotiation of social place and place arrangements in terms of hierarchic or equal relations i cademia.

    I will also show how gendered rules of emotions assign female and male scholars to different kinds of emotion management and consequently. Author s : Christian von Scheve This article presents an integrated and interdisciplinary approach to emotion. Combining theoretical accounts from neuroscience, psychology, and sociology the role of emotion in the self-society dynamic is depicted, whereas emotion is regarded an independent as well as a dependent variable. Emotions and especially their unconscious components are considered a bidirectional mediator between social strcutures and individual action.

    The analysis conceptually distinguishes between emotion on the micro-, meso-, and macro-level. Micro-level analysis explores societal influences on the interconnection of emotion, decision-making, and action with a bias on neural prerequisites and cognitive components of emotion.

    Background

    Both, cortical and subcortical emotion-processing pathways are taken into account. Analysis of the meso-level explains how these mechamisms are mediated and communicated to other actors in social interactions. Central frame of reference is the social situation and the data it! It is hypothesised that the emotion-elicitation process is not based on raw data perceived from the situation, but rather on data filtered by means of social cognition.

    This, in consequenece, leads to "schematic" emotions that - via their influence on decision- making and action - reproduce their causal societal origins. The macro-level investigation shows how instances of social structural configurations e. Furthermore, intentional emotion regulation based on norms and rules emotion work serves as a "top-level" social control operator.

    There will be a main distinction in the elementary forms of social control. On the one side, there are highly expressive ways to punish or to control the behavior of another person. Emotionalized forms of dramatization in the interaction can be a crucial factor for social control. In these kind of situations, people get personally very involved in the process.

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    Therefore this pattern is called engaged social control. On the other side, there are forms of social control mostly used by modern stated authorities or by the bureaucracy of a big organization, which appears to be distanced and cool distanced social control. These two forms of social control are, however, linked to power recourses possessed by a person or an organization.

    The Expression of Emotion Through Nonverbal Behavior in Medical Visits

    A lot of power allows staying relaxed during punishing or controlling other persons. This paper, first focus on the certain situation in which one or the other form of social control is used.

    Nonverbal Communication

    Second, there will be a short analysis under which conditions an actor like a person or a state organization will shift his behavior and will favor a more emotionalized way of dealing with deviance. Author s : Eduardo Bericat Alastuey This paper presents some results of a research it is been carrying out on the role that collective emotions play in the constitution, maintenance and change of social orders.

    It is focused in the contribution of the horror emotion, which is nowadays massively produced and conveyed by mass media, mainly in its form of "press-horror", in order to compensate the lack of legitimation of the global system that conforms our postmodern era. We offer an emotional definition of horror based on its three main emotional components, that is, terror, disgust and shock.

    Every emotional component of horror play a key role in developing and signaling boundaries of the social order in which horror is felt. Terror signals great differences in power; disgust signals great differences in moral values; and shock signals great differences in knowledge. Only from a socio-relational perspective of collective emotions we can better understand the deep and rich social consequences of the current "culture of horror" that pervade our entire world.

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    The authors argue that radical feminist critiques of romantic love have failed to notice the ways in which love is differently constructed in a communitarian and liberal polity, and the different modes of subjection of women by men, which these differences entail. The authors compare the cultural codes of love in the Israeli context with the American context, and argue that in a communitarian polity women are more dependent on hegemonic definitions of masculinity, while the model of romantic love central to the liberal ideology of the private sphere has been an agent of individualization and autonomy for women.

    It constitutes the very currency of protest. It has to emerge among movement participants or be aroused among them by their leaders in order to move them to action. Anger at the opponent is to replace hitherto felt insecurity and other negative feelings about oneself and the members of one's own group. It is an important companion to solidarity.

    Both are signs of newly emerging collective identity and a precondition for co-ordinated collective action. Other-directed anger is not spontaneously or easily felt in Western democracies. After the interaction, participants completed four questions related to their feeling about the interaction see below. Participants received 50 USD for participation. Participants completed questionnaires using the online platform www.

    The ECR-R assesses attachment along two orthogonal dimensions; anxiety about the relationship and avoidance of intimacy, and a high score on each reflects insecure attachment Neuroelectric activity in the two participants was simultaneously and continuously recorded while they were engaged in the interaction. Data acquisition was performed using a channels Brainamp amplifier from the Brain Products Company Germany to enable the computation of millisecond-range synchrony between the two EEG recordings Coding was conducted offline by coders trained to reliability who were blind to all other information.

    Group Dynamics and Emotional Expression Studies in Emotion and Social Interaction

    We used a microlevel second-by-second coding scheme previously validated in our lab and consistent with prior research that showed correlations between these micro-level behaviors and brain activations Gaze and affect, the main non-verbal channels of social communication, were coded using a set of mutually-exclusive codes consistent with our prior brain and behavioral research 20 , Coding for the two partners was conducted in separate passes using a computerized system Noldus, Waggenigen, The Netherlands while the system was set to 0.

    The following codes were used for each participant:. Positive - Clear expressions of high positive arousal or energy indicated by laugh, giggle, excited talk, or positive excitement. Neutral — No clear expression of any specific affect. Negative: Withdrawn — Clear expression of negative affect. Negative: Angry - Negative arousal is clearly indicated by angry voice, screams, scolding, scary or angry body movement or looming.

    Speech Content: The task of the conversation was to plan a fun day to spend together. Using the well-validated CIB coding scheme for adult-adult interactions 65 , we coded interaction content into three groups a Practical - Partners were dealing with the task in a rational and practical manner e. A possible confounding effect for cortically induced gamma power is electromyographic EMG activity from scalp and neck muscles In this study, we applied three methods to reduce EMG noise from the signal.

    First, we visually inspected the raw data, extracting artifact-free epochs, reducing large muscle artifacts 69 see EEG Frequency Analysis. Averaging the electrodes and applying the threshold improve signal quality and reduce noise from non-cerebral sources. When the cumulative amount of gaze during an entire interaction does not reach this amount, which characterizes a single gaze, this may point to atypical interaction We coded episodes of speech versus non-speech during the interaction to control for large and small muscle artifacts.

    We conducted two separate frequency calculations; 1 continuous: for the rest and the social interaction paradigms and 2 epochs-based analyses: only for the social interaction paradigm. An additional noise removal process was conducted separately for each frequency calculation. For the epoch-based frequency calculation noisy epochs were visually inspected and manually extracted as described above and for the continuous frequency calculation EMG artifacts were identified and removed using independent component analysis ICA based on their characteristic topographies, time courses, and frequency distributions Dyadic continuous spectral EEG Synchronous calculation.

    The Spearman correlation was computed over time signal of the Stockwell transform frequency spectrum for each frequency bins in the range of 4—60 HZ , averaged over each ROI electrodes frontal, parietal, temporoparietal, occipital in the two partners. Dyadic correlation values per bin and per ROI were averaged across groups couples, strangers. Significance of the results was evaluated using t-test over the averaged of the correlation values grouped into the four main frequencies bands theta, alpha, beta, and gamma.

    FDR correction was applied to the resulting correlation p values of all comparisons and tested at 0. First, we performed an ANOVA with gamma synchrony as the dependent variable and group couples vs strangers , and condition gaze, affect, none as the between-subject factors.