Love in an Envelope: A Courtship in the American West

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How kind of you to say, friend.

Marriage in Japan

Like Like. Our pleasure. The Victorians seemed to have been quite savvy in evading the restrictive etiquette of the times—especially in regards to courtship. We suppose desires of the heart cannot be silenced! Inside was a small romantic card, but not signed. Knew it was from Grandma, because the addressed envelope was in her hand. What dear letter that must be to you, Jane! Letter-writing is truly the only way to preserve love stories. How wonderful it is you are in possession of it. Thank you so much for your lovely posts like this one.

Bless you for your efforts in helping keep romance alive! Wendy, your imagery makes us long for a hatboxes full of treasured missives.

Lead smudging our fingertips. The smell of paper and nostalgia tickling the senses. Tis even better to converse here and other avenues of social media. You are commenting using your WordPress.

You are commenting using your Google account. You are commenting using your Twitter account. You are commenting using your Facebook account. Notify me of new comments via email. Notify me of new posts via email. Skip to content Close Search for:. Foreigners in Japan do not have their own family registration sheet, and therefore those who marry a Japanese national are listed on his or her family's sheet. Children born out of wedlock are recorded as illegitimate on their mother's family register, although they can be legitimized by a later acknowledgment of paternity.

Illegitimate children were eligible for half the inheritance of legitimate ones until a court ruling in A common description of Japan's religious syncretism says: "Born Shinto , married Christian , die Buddhist. Japanese weddings usually begin with a Shinto or Christian-style ceremony for family members and very close friends before a reception dinner and after-party at a restaurant or hotel banquet hall.

The popularity of Christian wedding ceremonies represents new widespread acceptance, commercialization, and popularity of a religious ceremony. Statistically speaking, the vast majority of contemporary Japanese self-identify as nonreligious. However, this self-identification is far from a wholesale rejection of religion, and often employed both to reject and affirm religious behaviors and identities. Nonreligious individuals tend to rely on religious professionals and vicariously entrust specialized acts of prayer and ritual to religious authorities when desirable and appropriate. Along with various Buddhist and Shinto rites, Christian wedding ceremonies are now one of the occasions where nonreligious Japanese rely on religious professionals.

Nonreligious attitudes are responsible for significant transformations in Japanese Christianity and the bridal industry and the successful response of the Christian churches and the bridal industry to consumer demand has led to an explosion in Christian wedding ceremonies.

Sage Grouse, Icon of the West

In , Christians accounted for 1. Similarly, Christian religious organizations accounted for a mere 2.

This data, along with an aging church population, led researchers to suggest that a marginal Christian population is headed for rapid decline. However, these statistics on Christian affiliation do not account for the unprecedented popularity of Christian wedding ceremonies or address how nonreligiousness has altered Japanese Christianity. The growing popularity of Christian weddings dates back to two events in the s.

By the mids, Christian weddings surpassed Shinto weddings and, since , continue to be the wedding ceremony of choice among sixty to seventy percent of Tokyo couples with similar trends in popularity throughout the country. Nonreligiousness has transformed the traditional Japanese Christian churches and the bridal industry. Although frequently dismissed as bridal-industry activity, Christian churches and personnel were essential in the rise of Christian weddings and their popularity.

On 1 March , the Vatican granted the Japanese Catholic Church special permission to conduct wedding ceremonies for non-affiliated, non-Christian couples.

Group dating is common

Nonreligious Japanese have access to this Catholic sacrament in a manner on par with baptized church members. These forms of access were instrumental in popularizing the Christian wedding in the late s and the s. In addition to new policies and approaches, the nonreligious demand for Christian weddings has given rise to new religious institutions and powerful partnerships between commercial and religious groups—occasionally blurring the lines between the two. From humble beginnings, this non-denominational Evangelical Protestant Church—the first Christian organization devoted exclusively to the production of weddings—grew to national proportions.

Currently, the Christian Bridal Mission has over one thousand ministers—making it one of the largest Christian organizations in Japan. Where the active majority of people are nonreligious, mechanisms for establishing a convincing reference to Christianity takes on a sensual character. Although the Japanese have unprecedented access to the Catholic Church, the majority of weddings in Japan follow the Protestant liturgy.

As such the ceremony includes elements typical to a traditional Protestant wedding including hymns, benedictions, prayers, bible readings, an exchange of rings, wedding kiss, and vows before God. It is typical for a bride to enter with her father and then be "given away" to her husband—an exchange that usually involves bowing and shaking hands. In recent years, the custom of lowering the veil has also become popular. During the veil lowering the mother of the bride lowers the veil for her daughter before she continues down the "virgin road" with her father toward her husband. In the case of a non-Japanese wedding minister, the ceremony is commonly performed in a mix of Japanese and a western language typically, English.

Non-religious or civil ceremonies often take place in a banquet hall, before or during the reception party, with a Master of Ceremonies officiating and guests seated around tables. Although these ceremonies often adopt Western elements, especially a wedding dress for the bride and a tuxedo for the groom, they forego any religious connotations. Some younger couples choose to abandon formality entirely for a "no host party" wedding, which emphasizes celebration rather than ceremony.

The guests consist primarily of the couple's friends, who pay an attendance fee. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Mythology and folklore. Mythology folklore. Buddhism Christian New religions Shinto. Bonsai Gardens Ikebana Pottery and porcelain. Manga Poetry. Music and performing arts. Television Cinema Anime Mobile phone culture Video gaming.

Martial arts. Flag Coat of arms. Main article: Demography of Japan. Main article: Family law in Japan.

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Main article: Shinto wedding. Edwards, Walter. Stanford: Stanford University Press, Fukutake, Tadashi. Japanese Rural Society. Tokyo: Oxford University Press, Hendry, Joy. Rutland, Vt, and Tokyo, Kawashima, Takeyoshi. Kekkon Marriage. Tokyo: Iwanami Shinso, Tamura, Naoomi. The Japanese Bride. Japan Reference. Retrieved 21 January Heian-jidai no Rikon no Kenkyu. Tokyo: Kobundo. Ancestor-Worship and Japanese Law. University Press of the Pacific, Retrieved 19 January Retrieved 17 February More Queer Things About Japan. London: Anthony Treherne.

Fukutake, Japanese Rural Society , p.

Letters of Refusal

Things Japanese 4th ed. London: John Murray. Cornell University Press. Andrew Gordon. Postwar Japan as History.

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