Making & Mastering Wood Planes

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Chuck the tap into a handle and insert it through the jig bole so that the point protrudes on the side with the stop. Position the chip breaker on the jig as shovtn in All the '''lark can be done with a sharp mill-bastard file, but a quicker way is with a stationary belt or disc sander.

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Switch to medium paper to ISO-grit. Grind the bevel freehand to a smooth arc, htinging the end to almost, but not quite, a knife edge. This measure is. Development of a slight burr on the bottom surface indicates the formation of a k. If you have a. True the underside of the tip of the chip breaker, cfafting a tight fit between it and the plane iron. The best type is resin-bonded, cloUl-backed aluminum oxide such as thal used for sanding belts. Butl the tip of the chip breaker up to the clamping board and rest the heel directly on the table.

Make three or tour unidirectional sU"okes, keeping the pressure centered right in the middle of the tip. Look at what has been sanded and see if. If not, try a few' more unidirectional strokes and check again. Do not pump back and forth or a hump will surely be created. Brush away the accumulated grit every rhree or four strokes. C1wck for a tight fit, as described earlier, with the mating plane iron.

The plane iron mu. If you see daylight at the corners, the chip breakP. This is easily done using a mill bastard file lhat is narrower than the chip breaker. Lay the me on a table and the chip breaker on the Hie, tip to tip. Stroke back toward the rang. Repeat until a bare! Return to the truing process. Check after each stroke until flatness is ff:stored. A bun will have formed at the tip on the rounded side. Stroke this off on. These tools i. The procedures lIsed to put them in working order are easy and make a world of difference when it comes to doing careful I accurate , ark.

The material in Lhis chapter also includes pointers on how to use these tools properly. The shavings made with wooclen planes on a workada r basis typically range from. Machinist-grade tools from reputable manufacturers are undoubtedly ready to use off the shelf. Inexpensive hardware-store-variety or He -market squares usually need work. Smooth and straighten the edge as follows: Clamp a strip of lSD-grit resin-bond sandpaper, at least twice the length of the blade, to a -flat ,'Surface jointer or table-saw bed. True a. Beyond their uscfulnes for all the above tasks, combination squares can also be used to gauge depths and, ' hen the sliding beam is used as a depth stop for the ruler, can make repeated layouts or mea 'urcments.

Making and Mastering Wooden Planes - Revised Edition

Place the hoard on the abrasive so that a inch section of abrasive is revealed. The edge of the board acts as a fence, maintaining a square rclationslJip between the face of the ruler and the edge to be sanded Grasp the ruler in the center, keep light pressure against the edge of the board, and sand the edge smooth and true with long, deliberate strokes.

Nevel' sand back and forth. Make one stroke, examine the ruler, and repeat. Working stroke by stroke, you'll anive expeditiously at your goal. Sand back. Every three or four strokes, clean the sandpaper with a stiff brush, removing all dehris. Start and stop rhe stroke with the ruler fully on the sandpa per; if it runs off tl1e encl, it will develop a hollow in the edge.

Strive to maintain or create flatness by concentrating pressure in the center of the ruler; otherwise, the tendency is to remove more material from the ends, creating a hump in the middle. Next, scrutinize the beam of the square.

Making and Mastering Wood Planes

Two of its faces form a right angle, The: face of the longer leg must he true and free of imperfections, such as seams left frOln the manufacturing process. Lumps or humps ruin the reHabihty of the measurements. Assemble the square, tighten down the blade, and check for squareness as follows: Joint the edge of a Rotate the handle so that the same edge of the ruler that drew the line is now on. Compare tbe ruler to the line.

If they arc parallel, then aU is well if they am not, an adjustment is necessary. Th make an adjustment, remove the ruler and observe the slot in the beam with a bright light. Tivo raised bars on the bottom of the slot su ppOIt the mler; lowering one in relation to the other angles the ruler when it is reinstalled. Effect the i:i.


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  • Go slowly. Keep the bars flat, or dipped toward the center of the handle, so that when the ruler is secured it will contact the outer edge of bar. If there are no bars, it may be possible to make Clc1justments by tapering the face of the handle that is referenced off the edge of the board by careful sanding. Check t. Corrcct or avoid any such defects when gauging.

    Tile face of the ruler belonging to the square should generally be held perpendicular to whatever surface is being gauged. Rulers or straightedges 12 inches or longer arc often curved to some extent along the length of thei. Any such curvature comes into playas soon as the blade is tipped off of.

    Make the easiest handplane ever! (Pt 1: design and blade)

    Taking a reoding with a square. The beam of the square is flat on tile reference surface. Avoid tile natural tendency to allow the blade to lay flat on the surface being checked; that entirely defeats the purpose of he measurement. The futl length of the beam of the square must remain in finn contact with the reference face. Sight against a bright light source. For the plane you will make, a small metal block plane is essential for creating a perfectly nat ramp on w'hicb to firmly bed the plane iron.

    The plane must be tuned for accurate performance. There are many styles and makes of block plane, most of whicb are serviceable once some key items have been attended lO. The fust task is to properly "tension" the plane. Thnsion is the amount of pressure used to lock the blade in place. In nearly all cases, pressure is provided by a screw.

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    Better planes use a screw in conjunction vvith a cam, which captures the blade This type of stock. Th release the blade, just loosen the cam. Lesser-quality planes rely on il screw working directly on tIle Cap iron to capture the blade.