Travels of Learning: A Geography of Science in Europe

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The school study tours on offer here at Sweet Chariot can provide unrivalled experiences, with a bespoke itinerary set out to encompass all of your requirements. We aim to ensure that your students have the best trip possible, coupling learning with unforgettable experiences which will leave their mark on your students for a lifetime. We have a strong belief that educational tours allow students to truly come out of their shell, further enhancing their willingness to learn and overall success both in school and later in life.

Iceland is a must visit destination for geography students. With stunning landscapes, glaciers, black sand beaches, volcanic activity and incredible waterfalls there is so much to take in. Please click below for a sample itinerary and contact us for a bespoke tour quote. Krakow is a beautiful city with incredible history. With many impressive historical buildings and plenty of excursion options including the incredible Wieliczka Salt Mine, the Schindler Museum and Auschwitz Museum, it is the perfect European destination for a history tour.

Our tours include factory visits to top Manufacturers including Lamborghini, Pagani and Ducati as well as the San Trovaso Gondola Factory and glass factory. Taking learning outside of the classroom can offer a huge number of benefits. Real-world learning can help to reinforce lessons learnt in the classroom while helping to tackle social mobility and allowing students to achieve their true potential.

International economic and military organizations developed on either side of the Iron Curtain. The United States and the Soviet Union built up huge nuclear arsenal s, with many missiles aimed at targets throughout Europe.

Department of Geography

The Iron Curtain took on the physical shape of border defenses, walls, and limited diplomacy. The nation of Germany was divided in two. In fact, the most famous symbol of the Iron Curtain was the Berlin Wall , which divided the East German city of Berlin into western and eastern-controlled parts.

The economic and political demise of the Soviet Union led to the end of the Iron Curtain in the late s. During this time, a number of anti-communist revolution s swept central and eastern Europe.

The Continent of Europe

These revolutions eventually lead to the end of the Cold War, symbolized by the falling of the Berlin Wall in Contemporary Issues Europe is now broadly defined in the context of the European Union EU , an economic and political body officially created by the Maastricht Treaty in The EU works to create a unified structure for social, environmental, military, and economic policies of its member states. Today, the European Union is composed of 27 member states, with new members mainly coming from central and eastern Europe.

The financial and diplomatic success of the EU has led to its rapid growth across the continent. The euro is one of the strongest currencies in the world. The euro is the second-most popular currency behind the American dollar and is used daily by more than million people. The EU accepts few candidates: member states must maintain a stable, democratic form of government, a free-market economy, and commitment to the rule of law.

The rapid growth of the European Union, however, has caused a number of administrative and political tensions. Strict EU regulations place a heavy burden on developing countries to compete with their more developed neighbors. The global financial crisis , which began around , has caused these tensions to elevate dramatically. The financial crisis is defined by debt and high unemployment.

These countries included Greece, Ireland, Spain, and Portugal. This rescue package has caused tensions to rise between economically competitive countries and the indebted countries that they are helping to rescue. Indebted countries must now deal with strict budget s and declining incomes while more financially stable countries are forcing taxpayer s to help fund the financial rescue. The status of immigrants is also a source of tension and debate in Europe. Historically, Europe has been a center of immigration. The European Union has established the Schengen Area—a zone where Europeans can travel from country to country without having to show their passports.

Some critics argue these attitudes are xenophobic. Xenophobia is an intense dislike or fear of people from other places or cultures. Two events demonstrate this debate.

Europe: Human Geography | National Geographic Society

In , the Danish newspaper Jyllands-Posten published 12 cartoons featuring Islam ic subjects. The political cartoons sought to engage in the debate surrounding Muslim extremism. Many Muslim organizations, however, saw the cartoons as bigoted , racist, and insulting.

Protests developed across the Muslim world, and demonstrators set fire to Danish embassies in Lebanon, Iran, and Syria. The debate surrounding the cartoons also intensified strained relations between the Islamic world and the West. In , the French government dismantled illegal immigrant camps throughout France. These camps were mostly populated by Roma, also called Gypsies. Roma are a people and culture native to central and eastern Europe. In the face of an economic crisis, EU citizens of poorer member countries, such as the Roma of Bulgaria and Romania, often migrate to more developed EU countries in search of work.


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Developed countries, however, are also facing economic challenges. These nations do not feel an obligation to accept illegal immigrants, seeing them as both a threat and a burden. Supporters of the crackdown want to stop illegal immigration. Critics argue the move was racist. Europe is often seen as a world leader in environmentally friendly technologies and legislation. As part of an international agreement signed at the conference, all 27 member states of the European Union agreed to reduce carbon emission s by 20 percent by from levels.

In fact, many developing nations argued that the Copenhagen Accord was drafted by a small group of powerful countries and unfairly disadvantages poorer countries, many of which are expected to suffer the worst effects of climate change.

Subjects A-B

The overall population of Europe is set to drop from roughly million to million by The proportion of people older than 65 will grow from 16 percent to 28 percent. These projected changes will have two major effects: There will be a smaller work force to create a dynamic and industrious economy, and governments and citizens will have to care for more elderly people.

These changes will affect different regions of Europe in different ways. A study completed by the Berlin Institute for Population and Development found that Scandinavia, the United Kingdom, the Netherlands, western Germany, Switzerland, Slovenia, Austria, and France have the best prospects of supporting vibrant and economically successful societies. Many of the most socially and economically powerful elements of these societies will be led by immigrants. Developing countries, such as those in eastern and southern Europe, are expected to bear the worst of the depopulation trend.

Among the struggling economies that may suffer from carbon emission limits are Romania, Bulgaria, and Moldova. Enacting regional social policies and economic legislation, especially through bodies like the European Union, may help curb that trend. Europe has a long history of human development and is considered the birthplace of Western Civilization. Most Renewable Electricity Produced Iceland Largest Watershed Volga River 1.

Also called a managed economy.

Also called the Shoah and the Final Solution. The audio, illustrations, photos, and videos are credited beneath the media asset, except for promotional images, which generally link to another page that contains the media credit. The Rights Holder for media is the person or group credited. Caryl-Sue, National Geographic Society. Dunn, Margery G.

Grand Tour of Europe

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If no button appears, you cannot download or save the media. Text on this page is printable and can be used according to our Terms of Service. Any interactives on this page can only be played while you are visiting our website. You cannot download interactives. What does it mean to be a citizen?

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Citizenship is the legal recognition of belonging to a specific nation, state, or commonwealth. What does citizenship represent? It may help to form one's identity, but it also comes with responsibilities such as following the laws of a particular place. Different nations, states, and commonwealths have different duties for their citizens and different processes for naturalization.

Use these classroom resources to help teach your students about the obligations and responsibilities that accompany citizenship. A political boundary is an imaginary line separating one political unit, such as a country or state, from another. Sometimes these align with a natural geographic feature like a river to form a border or barrier between nations.

Occasionally, two countries may contest where a particular border is drawn. These disputes might arise due to a natural resource both groups want, like in the case of Sudan and South Sudan, or in an attempt to gain more political power, as in the case of Pakistan and India in the Kashmir region. Use these resources to explore more about political boundaries. Skip to content Donate Account.

Encyclopedic Entry Vocabulary. Map by the National Geographic Society. Population Density people per square kilometer. Largest Urban Area Moscow, Russia Berlin Wall. European Union. Middle Ages.